The mosques were built in the Islamic State to carry out many tasks. However the mosque was the first building for mankind. As Allah (swt) says “And we gave the site to Ibrahim of the (sacred) House, Associate: not anything (in worship) with Me, and sanctify my house for those who compass it around, or stand up, or bow, or prostrate them selves (in prayers) house Hence the mosque would fulfill 19 roles. (Listed below)
MOSQUE IS THE HEAD QUARTER OF THE ISLAMIC STATES SURPREME LEADERSHIP.
The mosque was a place from where all the states affaires were run, as the prophet (saw) used to meet envoys, sign agreements and judge between disputing parties.
THE MOSQUE IS A SECTION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF INFORMATION AND CULTURE.
The mosque is known to be an important center for Islamic information, since it is the scene of political, social, cultural and ritual life. All the important news relating to vital issues are announced in the mosque for all the ummah to share. Also during the time of war the mosque would be used as a place where strategies would be discussed and mujahids would be trained.
THE MOSQUE IS A JUDICIARY COURT.
The mosque used to be a place where judges would sit to settle disputes and look into complaints.
THE MOSQUE IS A UNIVERSITY OF LEARNING AND TEACHING.
The mosque teaches a the basics of the creed and the acts of worship and the Shariah rules in all their types i.e political, economic, social, judicial and others all the policies are based on Qur’an and sunnah. The mosques would build the Islamic personalities by culturing them via, circles, meetings, conferences and public debates. There would be no discrimination between any race and person. All are open to come to the mosque and learn openly.
THE MOSQUE IS A PLATFORM FOR ORDATORY ELOQUENCE
The mosque would allow people of poetic excellence recite poetry to the people to elevate and arouse humor.
THE MOSQUE IS A DETENTION CENTRE FOR THE PRISIONERS OF WAR.
During war period the administration of the mosque to would alter to cater for the new reality, e.g when people would be arrested during war they would be temporarily held at the mosque.
THE MOSQUE IS A PLACE WHERE WAR BOOTIE IS DIVIDED
When new lands were brought to the mercy of Islam the bootie that was captured would be equally distributed between the Muslim’s.
THE MOSQUE IS A HOSPITAL WHERE CASUALTIES OF WAR ARE TREATED
There were times when Muslim’s were injured on the battlefield. Hence a tent would be laid out to give the injured immediate medical attention.
THE MOSQUE IS A HOME AND REFUGE FOR THE POOR, THE NEEDY AND THE TRAVELLERS.
Its been reported that a corner in the mosque would be reserved for the poor and the travelers.
THE MOSQUE IS A PLACE OF RELAXATION AND SIESTA.
Its been reported that the prophet (saw) used to sleep in the mosque. Also the sahabah used to siesta in the mosque, and gather to sleep.
THE MOSQUE IS A PLACE WHERE THE PLEASURE OF ALLAH AND GOOD REPUTATION IS SOUGHT.
Bukhari, Ahmed and Muslim reported on the authority of Abu Hurayrah that the messenger of Allah (saw) said “Allah will prepare a quarter in heaven for he who frequently goes to the mosque each time he comes and goes” therefore Muslim’s went to the mosque in order to seek the pleasure of Allah.
THE MOSQUE IS A MEETIN PLACE FOR THE HUNGREY AND THE NEEDY.
The hungry and the needy gathered at the mosque in order to eat and drink.
THE MOSQUE IS A PLACE FOR CELEBRATING, SOCIALISING AND AMUSEMENT.
Muslims used to gather in order to celebrate victories and the sahabah used to gather and laugh with the prophet (saw)
THE MOSQUE IS A PLACE WHERE PEOPLE IN NEED CAN ASK FOR HELP.
The messenger of Allah allowed the person in need to enter the mosque and seek help of the people there at the time hence if some one was begging at the time in the mosque their needs would meet.
THE MOSQUE IS A PLACE FOR CONSULTATION.
The prophet (saw) and the sahabah used to gather to consult on good news and bad.
THE MOSQUE IS A PLACE OF WORSHIP AND PRAYER
The mosque is a place where the prayers are held and from it the call of Allah is initiated. Also there are many study circles and many learned scholars gather to debate.
THE MOSQUE IS A JAMIA (PLACE OF GATHERING)
The mosque is a jamia holding the jummah prayers and popular gatherings of the ummah are held in the mosque. Also Muslim’s gather in the mosque five times a day to pray congregational prayers. Hence the mosque is a place for gathering and a counsel which never closes.
THE MOSQUE IS A PLACE WHERE SOME OF THE PENAL CODES ARE IMPLEMENTED
Some punishments were carried out in the mosque, such as the punishment for slander and false accusation.